Onions grow on their plots almost all gardeners. This culture is in great demand in all parts of the world. But in order to keep the onion well, it is necessary not only to grow it properly, but also to collect it in time. You should also know exactly how to harvest, so as not to harm the bulbs. We will talk about when onions are removed in the middle lane in this article.
When to collect onions
The period of onion growth is directly dependent on the weather conditions in the region. In central Russia, onions fully ripen in 2-3 months. It is very important to monitor the top of the plant. If the green mass began to dry out and fell on the garden bed, then it is time to stop watering. This is done so that the root system does not start to grow again. In addition, without water, the sprout dries faster, and it will be possible to start collecting.Attention! Only onions that have fully matured can be removed from the site.
If the fruit dries for a long time, you can use ordinary forks. They slightly dig in the onions. This causes damage to the root system. As a result, onion dries faster in the ground. Usually the fruits begin to clean from the second week of July. If he was landed late, you can extend the deadline to mid-late August.
Harvesting is necessary in appropriate weather. It should be dry and warm outside. To stop the growth should bend sprouts to the ground. Bent stems will not be able to receive nutrients, due to which growth stops. A few weeks later, the green mass of the plant is completely dry, and you can begin to harvest.
Important! To accurately calculate the time for harvesting onions, you must record the planting date and count off about 70-80 days. If you do not remember the date, then you can determine the maturity by the appearance of the plants.
Determine that the onion can be ripened by the pen. It should dry out completely. At the same time, the main stem of the plant remains soft. When pulling out plants from the ground, some stems may come off. You can not keep onions on the garden for too long. In this case, the root system grows heavily, and this has a bad effect on the keeping quality of fruits in winter.
Leek, in contrast to the usual, is not afraid of frost. It can be removed in October. There will be no damage to the crop. It can even be left for the winter in the beds under a special covering material.
Why is it important to remove onions in time?
Both later and earlier, the onion digging may appear poorly on the quality of the fruit. Such bulbs will be poorly stored in the winter. So, what we get by digging onions is too early:
- cover scales do not have time to form;
- the bulb neck remains thick, because of which it dries badly;
- the presence of a thick neck provokes the entry of various microorganisms inside the bulb. Subsequently, the fruits begin to rot;
- Such a bow can not be stored for a long time. It must be used immediately.
Late harvest is accompanied by the following factors:
- dried cover scales that quickly begin to crack;
- re-growth of the root system;
- Late harvested bulbs are also poorly stored and prone to rot.
Gather onions at a time when the main stem of the plant has become soft. It is very important that he did not have time to dry up. In this case, the taste of the fruit deteriorate. It is most convenient to dig onions using forks. Manually removing the fruit can be uncomfortable, especially if the soil is dry and dense. Forks do not damage the fruits themselves and do an excellent job with the task.Attention! The shovel in this case is not used, since it can cut vegetables.
For a day, the excavated fruits are left in the garden for drying. Take into account the weather conditions. If the air is humid, it is better to move the harvesting of fruits to another day or bring the fruits into a dry room. After complete drying, the bulbs are cleaned from the ground and cut dry stalks.
If you leave a bow in bed for the night, you should cover it with special material or unnecessary rags. In the morning, the fruit must be opened again. Many gardeners dry and store the bulbs in the attic. It is important from time to time to turn the fruit.Important! You can not beat the soil with the bulbs. During the strike, the fruit itself can be severely damaged, due to which the shelf life will decrease by several times.
To determine the dryness of the fruit can be on the following grounds:
- The upper scales should be quite fragile and easy to break.
- Fingering the fruit, the rustling of the husk must be heard.
- After complete drying, the neck becomes hard and thin.
Further, the fruits are laid out in boxes, sorted by size and varieties. If some fruits are not completely dried, they are left for some time. The following containers and accessories are suitable for storage:
- wooden boxes;
- carton boxes;
- nylon tights.
Also, when sorting the fruit must be removed rotted or damaged bulbs. Previously it was decided to braid the bow in a braid and hang it in the kitchen in this form. To do this, you need to very carefully dig out the fruit, not taking the pen. Storage room must be dry. In the damp place fungi multiply rapidly, because of which the onions begin to rot.Important! Polyethylene is not suitable for storing bulbs. In this form, the fruit will not receive the required amount of air. And the accumulated moisture provokes the appearance of rot.
Even in boxes and boxes it is necessary to make special openings so that air gets inside. It is recommended to keep onions at a temperature not lower than 0 ° C and not higher than + 5 ° C. The bulbs do not tolerate frost badly, so storing onions on the balcony will not work.
Now you know exactly how not to miscalculate with the harvest. Signs of ripeness of small fruits and turnip onions are no different. So the rules described above are universal. Weather conditions are different each year, and even in the same area it is difficult to guess the specific harvest time. But, carefully watching your bow, you can accurately determine whether it is ripe or not.