And the area in front of the house, and a small courtyard, and even a balcony with a terrace can be transformed beyond recognition if they are decorated with a blossoming vine. Clematis can best handle this task. This article focuses on the clematis of the Piilu variety, its description, photos and reviews of gardeners who grow it in various parts of our country will be given.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Clematis of Piilu was created by the breeder Uno Kivistik from Estonia in 1984. After several years of testing, the variety got its real name, which in Estonian means “little duckling”.
This variety of clematis is compact, so unlike many of its fellows, it can be grown not only in the garden, but also on the terrace, and even on the balcony, if you plant it in a fairly spacious container.
Individual shoots grow in length not more than 1.6-2 meters. And, according to reviews of gardeners who grow Clematis Piilu in fairly harsh climatic conditions, the length of his shoots may not exceed 90 cm at all.
Flowers of medium size, can reach 10-12 cm in diameter. The flowers themselves, and, more precisely, sepals have a very beautiful pink-purple color. From the base of the petals at their center stands a dark pink strip. And the anthers at the same time have a bright yellow color. This combination makes clematis flowers Piilu very attractive for any lover of these wonderful plants.
Each simple flower contains 4-6 petals with a wavy edge, while double flowers may have 3-4 times more petals.Attention! Clematis flowers of the Piilu variety have a characteristic feature - they bloom profusely at last year's surviving shoots with terry and semi-double flowers.
But on the shoots of the current year appear only simple, non-double single flowers.
Shrubs of this variety are characterized by moderate growth and grow upwards, clinging to the petioles from the leaves. Flowering usually begins in June, but in favorable conditions, an adult bush, well survived the winter, can bloom in very early periods in the middle or even early May. Flowering is very abundant - the whole bush is completely covered with wide open flowers. In August - September Clematis Piilu gives out a second wave of flowering, already on the shoots of the current year.
Many gardeners have many questions about which clematis Piilu belongs to which pruning group. Of course, according to the official classification, this clematis belongs to the second group of pruning, if only because it can bloom both on the shoots of the past and the current year.
But many flower growers living in areas with harsh winters, trying to grow clematis in their plots, noticed that many of them belong to a transitional 2-3 group. That is, there are clearly expressed representatives of the 2nd group, mostly Japanese hybrids and terry beauties, which are able to bloom early and abundantly only on last year's shoots. And on young shoots bloom too late, rather reluctantly, and under adverse weather conditions during the summer may not bloom at all.
The same clematis that belong to the transition group 2-3, bloom equally and abundantly both on young and on last year's shoots. It is to this transitional group that the clematis variety Piilu belongs. The only difference is that, as mentioned earlier, during the second wave of flowering, no terry flowers are formed on the plant.
A place for planting clematis must be chosen with special care - after all, the main feature of these perennial vines is that they absolutely can not stand the spring flooding. True, clematis Piilu is able to grow even in containers, and in this case it is necessary to take care to lay a good drainage layer in the growing tank.
If you decide to plant Clematis Piilu in the garden, then it is advisable to choose a sunny place, protected from drafts, but, above all, on a small hill, so that the roots do not have stagnant moisture.
Clematis can be planted in a permanent place both in spring and in autumn, but spring is preferable for the middle band and more northern regions, because it allows the plants to take root well during the warm season. Since clematis Piilu, like many other varieties, is able to grow in one place for up to 20 years, it is necessary to take a very responsible attitude towards its planting. It is best to advance, about 2 weeks before planting, to dig a planting pit or trench (if you want to plant several plants) with a depth and width of at least 60 cm.
At the bottom lay the drainage in the form of small stones or rubble, a layer of about 5 cm, then another twice as thick in thickness as a layer of cut branches and various organic wastes mixed with sand. Clematis does not tolerate acidic soils, therefore lime can be added to the same layer.Tip! In order for the moisture and nutrition to reach the roots, it is recommended that several plastic irrigation tubes be vertically inserted into the drainage layer at the landing site.
From above, everything is neatly filled with garden soil with the addition of humus, compost, complex mineral fertilizer and sand - the main thing is that the soil is loose, light, air- and water-permeable. Then the landing site is plentifully spilled and kept wet before planting.Important! It is desirable that the landing site of clematis rises above the surrounding ground by at least 10-15 cm.
The depth of planting clematis seedling depends on the region where you are going to grow it. In the northern regions, saplings should not be buried under any circumstances - they should be planted at the same level at which they grew in a container. It is better to subsequently pour pods to the roots of the humus every year and mulch the landing site. But in the southern regions of Clematis sapling Piil must necessarily dive into the ground by 8-12 cm.
The distance between clematis saplings Piilu can be left about 80-100 cm so that they do not interfere with each other when they grow.
Care and pruning
In the care of clematis cultivar Piilu, it is important to observe the following basic requirements:
- Watering should be regular and quite abundant, especially in hot and arid southern areas, where the vine can be watered almost every day. In more northern regions, irrigation will be sufficient 2-3 times a week.
- For the first year after planting clematis is possible and enough fertilizers laid in the pit when planting. But from the second year of life of clematis should be regularly fed, at least 4 times per season. You can use complex mineral fertilizers, such as Crystal, and you can use any organic matter: humus, compost, humates.
- Clematis Piilu does not tolerate the neighborhood of weeds. In order not to suffer much with weeding, every spring it is desirable to mulch well the entire radical zone of clematis bushes.
- At some distance from the root zone of clematis, low annuals can be planted, which will protect the roots well from heat or excessive dryness.
Clematis prune pruning is not as difficult as it may seem. In the autumn, before the onset of the first frost, last year's shoots, where the most powerful flowering took place, should be cut off almost to the ground (leave about 10 cm). Recommendations for pruning young shoots vary in different sources - they can be cut, leaving from 80 cm to 150 cm. You can choose the appropriate length for your region by experience. In the northern regions with harsh winters, all the shoots of clematis Piu are cut for 3-4 buds for the winter. Thus, care for him in these regions is carried out on the 3rd group of pruning, which can only affect the presence of double flowers.
Gardeners who grow Piilu cultivars in their clematis plots leave extremely positive feedback on this decorative liana.
Elena, 46 years old, Moscow regionMy collection of clematis has been constantly replenished in the last 10 years. And about a year ago, an amazing handsome man from Estonia, Piilu, appeared in her. The main thing with which he struck me was his abundant flowering in the very first year of planting. I planted it almost immediately after buying in April in a pit with a regular winter, slightly buried, and did not add anything special. The roots of the sprout were 35-40 cm in length. To preserve it from the cold weather, she covered the small glass container from above. And at the end of May, he surprised me with his first flowers, terry and very strong. None of the previous varieties did not behave this way - so either the variety is unique, or I learned to finally understand and fulfill all the vagaries of these amazing colors. True, it did not grow much in height, somewhere 40-50 cm, but this is the first year of planting, or it will still be there. Of course, for the winter, I will surely prune it, leaving a few buds near the ground. Despite the additional shelter, the bushes still freeze slightly, and every spring I wait for his first sprouts, with a sinking heart, whether they come out or not. Nevertheless, it blooms every year and is very abundant. In the first year, the flowers were about 10 cm in size, then they decreased in size (apparently, from constant frosting). Although this did not affect the profusion of flowering. But in all these five years, I have never seen terry flowers on it. It begins to bloom quite late, around mid-July and although there are a lot of flowers, but they are always simple. winter and cut as necessary. Since at the very beginning I was not at all aware of all these pieces. I have one of the first varieties of clematis. Of course, I didn’t survive every winter, often I froze out, but I always grew back, and every summer I was pleased with abundant flowering.
Clematis variety Piili is relatively unpretentious to the conditions of growth, can show itself in all its glory even in not very experienced hands and can be used to decorate various parts of the garden and the local area.