Tomato Rio Grande is a determinant variety with a classic taste. It is grown by seedling or directly in open ground. Although the variety is considered one of the most unpretentious, proper watering and fertilizer will increase its yield.
Rio Grande is a well-deserved variety that is widely used in garden plots. He was bred by Dutch breeders for growing indoors and outdoors.
The characteristics and description of the Rio Grande tomato variety are as follows:
- a small number of leaves;
- height of an adult plant - 60-70 cm;
- no need for tying and stitching;
- up to 10 ovaries are formed on the shoot;
- fruit ripening period - 110-120 days;
- harvest harvested from June to September.
Fruits of a grade correspond to the following characteristics:
- weight from 100 to 150 g;
- fleshy, fragrant, with low seed content;
- oval elongated shape;
- pronounced red color;
- dense pulp;
- sweetish taste with a slight sourness;
- dense skin that does not allow the fruit to crack;
- high solids content;
- fruits are harvested green and left to ripen at home.
In general, the bush is compact, so it does not need tying. The variety is grown for sale or for personal use. Smooth fruits are suitable for home-made products: pickling, canning, pickling.
Tomatoes are also used to make salads, soups, stews, and sauces. From tomatoes it turns out thick and bright red juice.
Tomatoes are grown from seeds. In cold regions, it is recommended to first obtain seedlings, and then proceed to planting tomatoes at a permanent place in a greenhouse or greenhouse. In hot climates, you can plant seeds immediately in the soil.
Tomato Rio Grande is grown in seedlings. Seeds need to be planted in March. Soil for plants should be loose and light. It is prepared from a mixture of humus and sod.Important! Before planting the seed, the grant is recommended to be heated in the oven or treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Such treatment will get rid of larvae of pests and disease spores. The soil is poured into small containers or plastic cups. The seeds themselves can not be treated with stimulants.
Seeds of tomato Rio Grande buried in the ground, poured on top of a layer of peat. Cover containers with foil. Seed germination occurs at a temperature of 25 degrees. Seedlings do not require constant watering, it is enough to periodically spray them with warm water.
After the emergence of shoots containers placed in the sun. With insufficient natural lighting equipped with additional lighting.
When the first leaves appear, the plants are distributed into separate containers. Then the tomatoes are watered with complex mineral fertilizer.
Growing in a greenhouse
The resulting seedlings are planted in a greenhouse or greenhouse. On one square meter have no more than 4 bushes.
Tomatoes are planted in loamy soil, which has good breathability. The beds are formed two weeks before planting.Tip! The best seedlings take root at the age of 1.5 months.
In the beds make holes, the bottom of which is placed humus or mineral fertilizer. Between the holes leave about 30 cm, and between the rows with tomatoes - up to 70 cm.
Seedlings are placed in grooves, straighten the roots and covered with earth. At the end of the process, tomatoes are plentifully watered.
Planting in open ground
In the southern regions, the Rio Grande variety is planted in open ground. The variety can be grown in a seedless way.
Then prepare the beds located on the sunny side of the site. In April, the ground need to dig and make humus. Along the edges of the beds set the sides of wood.
Then the surface of the ground level and make several holes at a distance of 0.4 m from each other. The soil is covered with a garden film.Important! Seeds of tomato Rio Grande planted in open ground in late April and May.
Soil temperature should reach 12 degrees. 3-5 seeds are placed in each well, after germination they are thinned and the strongest sprouts are selected.
After planting, watering is required. Small frosts will not lead to the death of seeds, since they are under a layer of earth and covering material.
Proper tomato care is a guarantee of a good harvest. Tomatoes are regularly watered, fertilized and processed for pests. Grade Rio Grande does not require staking, which greatly simplifies the procedure of care for him.
Rio Grande tomatoes require moderate watering. The lack of moisture will lead to the death of plants, and its excess provokes the rotting of the root system and the spread of diseases.
In the greenhouse, tomatoes are watered once or twice a week. The soil should remain humidified by 90%, and air - by 50%. Under each bush is brought up to 5 liters of water.Important! Tomatoes are watered at the root in the morning or evening period.
Excessive sunlight in contact with moisture on the leaves can cause plant burns. Water for irrigation should be warm, with a temperature of 23 degrees or more. According to reviews of the tomato Rio Grande, the plant is able to cope with drought, but the rules for watering should be respected.
Tomatoes are watered with the following deadlines:
- The first watering is done immediately after placing the seedlings in the ground.
- The following procedure is carried out in 10 days. During the growing season, tomatoes are watered twice a week. Each bush is enough 3 liters of water.
- During the flowering period, watering is performed once a week, and the volume of water is 5 liters.
- When fruits appear, moisture should be applied twice during the week, but its volume should be reduced.
- When the tomatoes begin to redden, it is enough to water the plants once a week.
For the active development of tomatoes Rio Grande requires fertilizing, which is carried out in several stages:
- 14 days after transfer to a permanent place.
- After 2 weeks after the first feeding.
- With the formation of buds.
- During the fruiting period.
Mineral fertilizers are used at all stages of tomato growth. Top dressing with phosphorus and potassium stimulates the development of plants and improves the taste of the fruit. Mineral components can be replaced with wood ash.
Before the appearance of the ovary, tomatoes are sprayed with urea infusion (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). After the formation of the fruit of the plant can be treated with sulfate or potassium nitrate (1 tablespoon. Fertilizer per bucket of water).
Protection against diseases and pests
Rio Grande variety is resistant to most diseases of tomatoes: late blight, white and gray rot, mosaic.
For the prevention of disease should be updated annually in the greenhouse soil. Before planting, the soil is treated with a solution of copper sulfate or manganese.
In the open field, tomatoes are planted in the garden, where they previously grew cabbage, greens, legumes. Tomatoes are not planted after peppers and eggplants.Tip! For preventive purposes, tomatoes are sprayed with a solution of Fitosporin.
In rare cases, slugs and aphids may appear on plants. Eliminate pests can be with the help of insecticides or folk remedies. Spraying saline solution allows you to get rid of slugs. A soap solution is effective against aphids.
Compliance with agrotechnics will help to prevent the spread of pests and diseases:
- soil mulching with humus or straw;
- regular airing of the greenhouse;
- moderate watering;
- Prevent thickening landings.
Elena, 56, Stavropol To grow a good crop of tomatoes in our region is problematic because of the heat and hot winds. Rio Grande variety was one of those who withstood such conditions. Fruits are formed oblong and strong, have a thick skin. They make thick tomato paste and tasty pieces. Ivan, 45, from Samara Rio Grande, gives the main crop on my plot. I use them for preservation, because they are quite dense and do not crack after processing. Tomatoes are not the stepson, but I regularly water them. Fruits form under the leaves that protect them from the sun. They sent tomatoes to relatives, the fruit was transported. Ann, 27 years old, Orsk, they chose a field and fruitful variety for planting in the country. According to reviews of the tomato Rio Grande, we learned that the variety does not require special care. Indeed, the bushes were not stepsons, but the heavy branches had to be tied up. Fruits resemble the shape of plums. The variety is not sick and forms 3-4 brushes of fruits on each bush. Tomatoes get a weight of about 150 g.
According to its characteristics and description of the variety of tomato Rio Grande suitable for further canning. Dense fruits of medium size tolerate processing well and have excellent taste properties. Rio Grande is considered unpretentious variety that can tolerate hot weather. With regular watering and fertilization, high yields of this variety are obtained.