When the seeds of thermophilic tomatoes were brought to Russia, no one could have imagined that in the near future tomatoes would be grown in the beds of Siberia. But breeders do not work in vain - today there are hundreds of varieties of tomatoes that can withstand the harsh climate of the north and give an excellent harvest.
Still, more often tomatoes in Siberia are planted in greenhouses and greenhouses. This approach ensures higher yields, reduces the risk of losses during sudden frosts and heavy rains, and facilitates the care of plants.
Every breeder knows that in certain conditions it is necessary to grow a special variety of tomatoes. Therefore, for planting in the northern greenhouses should choose varieties of tomato Siberian selection.
Features of northern tomatoes
Siberian selection tomatoes for greenhouses have a number of features that allow plants to grow normally in difficult climatic conditions.
Among the required qualities that a variety of tomatoes should have for the north are the following:
- Early ripening. In the conditions of a short summer the tomato should have time to ripen before the onset of a cloudy and rainy autumn. The best varieties of tomatoes ripen a maximum of three months from the date of sowing seeds into the soil.
- Growing by seedling. In Russia, due to the climatic characteristics of the region, all tomatoes are grown seedlings. And in Siberia, especially, it is possible to plant only grown-up seedlings grown in a warm room in a greenhouse.
- Minimal light-loving. The sun in Siberia is very small, even in summer, cloudy and rainy weather prevails here. In addition, the light day in the north is very short, so the plants receive a minimum dose of ultraviolet radiation.
- Cold resistance and the ability to grow in conditions of high humidity.
- Resistance to pathogens of viruses and fungal diseases.
- High yield.
- Good taste.
- Suitability of tomatoes for fresh consumption, canning and processing into juices and mashed potatoes.
Tip! In small greenhouses it is more convenient to grow determinant varieties of tomatoes that have compact and low bushes. But in large and tall greenhouses it is better to plant indeterminate tomatoes (more than 150 cm high), each such shrub can produce up to 12 kg of fruits.
How to grow Siberian tomatoes
There are no special rules for caring for Siberian selection tomatoes. On the contrary, these varieties are considered the most unpretentious and resistant to external factors. Therefore, all that Siberian tomato needs is:
- timely watering;
- three-time fertilizing with mineral fertilizers;
- tying tall tomatoes and pinching side shoots to form a bush and increase yields;
- identification and control of pests and various diseases;
- control of soil condition, level of moisture in the greenhouse, pollination of flowers.
Attention! Although Siberian breeding tomatoes are considered hardened and persistent, they can also get sick with improper care measures.
The most evil enemy of tomatoes is a fungus, to prevent its development, it is very important not to allow too wet soil and air in the greenhouse.
Names, photos and descriptions of the best varieties of tomatoes of Siberian selection
When choosing a variety of tomatoes, any gardener prefers fruitful, tasty and large-fruited tomatoes. As a rule, all tomatoes intended for the northern regions have large fruits and tasty pulp.
Among these tomatoes, there are varietal and hybrid varieties. The first ones endure the harsh climate, give very tasty and fragrant fruits, delight them with stable yields. One of the bonuses of cultivating varietal tomatoes is the possibility of saving on seed material - if ripe tomatoes like the owner of the plot, he will be able to collect seeds from them and plant them for the next season.
Hybrids are more productive, hardened from frosts and diseases, but having less pronounced taste. Usually, hybrid tomatoes are grown massively for sale. But there are some very successful Siberian tomato hybrids, differing in interesting taste and non-standard appearance.
"Pride of Siberia"
Probably the most famous tomato destined for the north. High bushes (about 150 cm) are suitable for planting in large greenhouses. Plants must be tied up, regularly pinch and form the ovary. This tomato is not suitable for summer residents "weekend". Although he does not need complex care, the tomato needs timely watering and a constant level of humidity in the greenhouse.
But the "Pride of Siberia" bravely tolerates low temperatures, which allows you to remove the film cover when the bushes get stronger and ovaries appear on them.
Ripe tomato has a round shape and rich scarlet shade. If these tomatoes are not watered on time, the fruits can crack and deteriorate. Tomatoes are great for fresh consumption and the preparation of sauces, juices, mashed potatoes. In general, the form of tomatoes can not, as the size of the fruit is quite large.
The early ripe tomato which is completely ripening for 100 days perfectly is suitable for cultivation in greenhouses. Bushes of this variety are powerful and compact, their height does not exceed 75 cm.
Fruits are medium sized, therefore suitable for canning and processing. To get larger tomatoes, it is recommended to leave no more than four flowers in each ovary.
The shape of the tomato resembles a heart. Tomato differs delicate pulp with a sweetish taste and pleasant aroma.
"A great warrior"
Variety perfectly adapted to greenhouse conditions. Bushes grow up to one and a half meters, so they definitely need to tie up and stepchild. The tomato is ultra early, its growing season is less than three months, which, even in the conditions of a short northern summer, allows to get quite high yields.
When properly grown, a ripe tomato is colored deep pink, has the shape of a ball and is large in size. Observing all the conditions of cultivation, you can count on a high yield of tomato "Great Warrior".
The sweet rich flavor of the tomato made it one of the most beloved and often grown varieties in Siberian greenhouses.
The bushes of tomatoes of this variety grow low and very strong. Culture does not require complex care, but provides consistently high yields.
In a mature form, the fruit is painted in a rich, bright crimson color. Their shape can be different - from round to slightly elongated. The peel and flesh of this tomato is very delicate, so it is best to use the Sensei fruit to make fresh salads.
The variety can be grown in small or temporary greenhouses. Real giants grow on fairly compact bushes - the mass of fruits can reach one kilogram. Typically, tomatoes of this variety weigh about 600 grams.
The shape of the tomato resembles the heart, in general, the appearance of the fruit is very similar to the common variety "Bull's heart". Tastes are also very good: pleasant taste, rich aroma, juicy flesh and thin skin.
With proper care from the bushes you can get excellent harvest of tomatoes of the highest quality. Most of the variety is suitable for cultivation in the West Siberian region.
"King of Siberia"
The weight of one tomato of this variety can even exceed 1000 grams. Such dimensions do not affect the taste of tomatoes in any way - their taste is rich and very sweet, and the skin is thin and delicate.
True, the "King of Siberia" requires close attention of the owner of the greenhouse - the temperature and humidity levels are very important for the tomato. If you do not follow these rules, or rarely water the tomatoes, the fruits may crack.
This is the sort that can be called exotic. Tomatoes have a very unusual appearance and absolutely “no tomato flavor”. At the same time, the variety is excellent for growing in severe Siberia.
Ripe tomatoes are painted a greenish-yellow hue, and their taste resembles a fragrant melon. Fruits grow large enough, their taste is very sweet, and the flesh is tender and sugary.
Of course, not everyone likes exotic, but a couple of bushes of such an unusual tomato will be the highlight of any Siberian greenhouse.
The early ripe grade intended for cultivation in the greenhouse. The height of the bushes exceeds 150 cm, so the stems must be tied up on the trellis. To form a bush most effectively in three stalks - so the crop will be the highest possible.
The fruits are medium in size and round in shape, colored red. In each ovary at the same time about 10 tomatoes are formed, tomatoes are growing in clusters.
Yellow tomatoes of Siberian breeding, which must be grown in greenhouse conditions. The mass of these tomatoes is about 300 grams, and their taste is fairly standard, "tomato". Exotic in this variety is only the appearance with bright yellow fruits.
Shrubs tall, they will have to tie up. If necessary, you can easily increase the size of the fruit up to 800 grams, for this you need to carefully feed the bushes and water them more often.
The variety provides consistently high yields and strong protection against most diseases.
Are the greenhouse Siberian varieties suitable for hot south
It would seem that if tomatoes can grow in the north, then a hot climate will only improve their yield and quality. However, it is not. The varieties for Siberia were specially selected for these conditions, resistance to cold, high humidity, and insufficient light were artificially implanted in tomatoes.
Perfectly tolerating frost and lack of light, tomatoes can not stand the heat and the scorching sunlight.
If it is important for the gardener to have a stable harvest, and not dubious experiments, you should choose a variety of tomatoes suitable for your strip. As they say, to each his own!