Cucumber - one of the most popular vegetables. He is loved by many, especially children. However, many are hesitant to plant a cucumber in their area, believing that caring for them is difficult. In fact, there is no particular difficulty in growing cucumbers, it is enough to follow some simple rules of care, and an excellent harvest is guaranteed.
Cucumber "Farmer" - one of the best hybrids for growing in domestic conditions. The variety is characterized by high yield - up to 25 kg of fruit can be obtained from a square meter. Cucumber does not require special care, except for abundant regular watering. In the case of frequent drying of the earthy clod, the fruits of the cucumber begin to taste bitter. It is recommended to apply drip irrigation for this variety or to mulch the soil.
Fruits of a cucumber of a grade of "Farmer F1" possess excellent taste, are suitable for all types of culinary processing and use in fresh look. For pickling, they use both green stuff and gherkins.
Cucumber cucumber smooth, good presentation. Have excellent transportability. Thanks to a dense skin long do not fade.
The hybrid Farmer F1 cucumber is indeterminate, middle-ripening, it takes 40 to 45 days from germination to the appearance of the first fruits. Pollinating varieties occurs with the help of bees and other insects. The scourge of cucumber is long, medium branchy, can exceed 2 meters. Flowering mostly female type. Farmer F1 variety cucumber leaves are green, medium size. In the nodes formed up to 2 ovaries.
The fruits of the cucumber "Farmer" are large, the tubercles are rarely located. Fruits are smooth, slightly ribbed, spikes of white. The length of greenmen is up to 12 cm. The pulp of cucumber is dense and crispy.
The variety "Farmer F1" is characterized by high resistance to a complex of diseases. Cucumbers do not suffer from powdery mildew, olive spot, and are resistant to other viral and bacterial diseases.
The grade is intended for cultivation in an open ground, spring shelters, tunnels.
Growing cucumber in the open field
Cucumber "Farmer F1" can be germinated in two ways - by sowing directly into the ground or through seedlings. Cucumbers grown without transplantation grow stronger, because from the beginning of development they get used to changing temperatures at different times of the day. However, they bear fruit later than those grown in seedlings.
Sowing in open ground
Sowing cucumbers is carried out when the earth warms to 10-12 degrees. The seeds of a cucumber "Farmer F1" are placed in a dug hole of 2-3 pieces to a depth of no more than 7 cm. After the emergence of the seedlings of cucumbers, one strongest sprout is left.
Tip! If old cucumber seeds or having low germination are used for germination, they can be treated with growth stimulants. Honey is considered a natural safe stimulant.
It is undesirable to grow cucumbers in the same place for several years in a row, even if the land is fertilized regularly. The best predecessors for cucumbers:
- Legumes - peas, beans;
Watering cucumbers carried out as the soil dries, with care so as not to wash out with a strong jet of the hole. If fertilizers are not applied to the well before planting, you can add complex nutrients during watering.
The first shoots of cucumbers appear fairly quickly, within one week. It is necessary to carry out weeding in time, young shoots of cucumbers are very sensitive to the lack of sunlight. To shade plants grown in open ground is not necessary.
If Farmer cucumbers are planted too often, thin out. For one cucumber bush space is required at least 30 cm in diameter. More dense planting of cucumbers leads to a nutrient deficiency, this affects the yield.
Growing cucumber seedlings
Sowing seeds of cucumber varieties "Farmer F1" on the seedlings begin about a month before the expected period of planting. Previously, sowing does not make sense - overgrown seedlings do not take root well, its productivity is lower. If planting on time is not possible, you can slow down the development of seedlings for a short time - reduce watering and lower the temperature in the room where it is located.
For the normal development of seedlings of cucumbers during the month, the required volume of soil is at least 0.5 liters, preferably a little more. Since the root system of cucumbers is very sensitive to damage, the capacity for growing must be selected taking into account the ease of extraction. In addition to traditional plastic cups, growers in the reviews recommend peat pots, pills or special bags for seedlings.Important! If the seedlings are grown on a windowsill in the apartment, it is advisable to use foil to ensure that the plants grow smoothly, and not stretched to the window. Foil pull from the room.
Before transplanting cucumber seedlings need to harden. For this, the plants are carried out to the open air, starting from a few hours, gradually increasing the residence time. After 3-4 days, the plants should preferably be left outside for the night.
Transplantation of cucumber varieties "Farmer" is preferably carried out in cloudy weather. If clouds are not expected in the near future, seedlings are planted in the evening. It is advisable to shade the plants during the day for 1 to 2 weeks.
After planting, it is advisable to water the cucumbers copiously to avoid the formation of air cavities in the soil. Watering is repeated after 2 - 3 days.
Care of adult plants
Caring for the grown cucumber bushes is simple to get even, beautiful, like cucumbers in the photo, just follow the following guidelines:
- Provide regular watering;
- Observe crop rotation;
- Do not forget to fertilize;
- Protect plants from fungal diseases;
- In time, harvest.
Cucumbers suffer from irregular watering, for them both drought and waterlogging are destructive. With a deficit of moisture, plants slow down their growth, the leaves begin to wither, then they dry out. First of all the lower leaves are affected. If there is an excess of moisture in the soil, the roots lack oxygen, the photosynthesis process slows down, the plant may die. Therefore, not only timely watering, but also good drainage is important for growing cucumbers.
If you grow a crop in one place for several years, you can notice a decrease in yield, even if fertilizer is regularly applied. This is explained by the fact that plants take out the same substances every year, giving very little nutrients to the soil. Gradually, an imbalance occurs in the chemical composition of the soil, the structure of the soil deteriorates.
Fertilizer for cucumber varieties "Farmer" contribute in two ways - under the root and spraying green leaves. The first method is desirable to apply at the beginning of plant growth, the second is preferred during the flowering of cucumbers and the formation of ovaries.
At the initial stage of development, plants need nitrogen and magnesium most of all. However, you need to be careful when applying nitrogen fertilizers, excess nitrogen causes abundant build-up of green mass in cucumbers to the detriment of fruit bearing.
During flowering cucumbers especially needed magnesium and potassium. Magnesium fertilizers are applied under the root of cucumbers during watering, potash fertilizers can be applied during foliar feeding. Spraying potash fertilizer reduces the number of barren flowers, the fruits grow faster. The amount of drug for the treatment of cucumbers calculated according to the description of the norms in the instructions.
Protect cucumbers from fungal diseases is not difficult - there are many safe fungicides that will provide long-term protection against fungal infections. Chemicals must be strictly followed the instructions. If the use of chemicals to protect cucumbers is undesirable, you can use products containing lactic acid, which inhibits the development of fungi. For these purposes, often used whey.
It is necessary to harvest in time - overgrown cucumber fruits lose their taste, the seeds become hard. In addition, cucumbers in vain spend energy and nutrients, the formation of new ovaries is suspended.
Tip! To get the best yield, it is recommended to spray pseudo-pollinated cucumbers, such as “Farmer F1”, with substances that attract insects during flowering.
For these purposes, you can use sugar syrup, a solution containing honey and other means.
Observance of simple recommendations and love for plants is guaranteed to bring a rich harvest. The main thing is not to be afraid to try.