Raspberries - a favorite berry, which has a pleasant sweet taste and fragrant aroma. It is a source of many vitamins and trace elements necessary to maintain and strengthen the body's defenses. Raspberries can be eaten raw, covered with sugar, added to ice cream, cocktails. It makes delicious jam, compotes, jellies - welcome and always relevant guests on the family table, especially in winter.
Why are many gardeners worried about such a thing as transplanting raspberries in the spring? Unfortunately, raspberries are not always pleased with the owners of a bountiful harvest. As a rule, the fertility of the bushes decreases after five to six years, and gradually fades away. This is due to the ability of the plant to take all the useful and nutrients from the soil.Important! Growing from year to year in the same place, raspberries gradually begin to suffer from a shortage of components necessary for normal yield.
That is why raspberries need to periodically replant. This is an important procedure, but not every gardener is familiar with it so well as to perform it efficiently and effectively.
When is the right time to transplant raspberry bushes
When can you replant raspberries? Experts answer this question in different ways, therefore there is no unambiguous, only correct opinion. Experienced gardeners argue that it is best to do this in the fall, or at the end of summer. Unsuitable season for such an operation is winter.
When is it best to replant raspberries? Many summer residents prefer to do it in the spring. According to them, at this time the plant can not suffer from frost.
At the same time, supporters of the autumn transplant argue that during this time the shoots manage to root well and rest in the winter.
Important! If you decide to transplant raspberry bushes in the fall, do not forget that young bushes need to get used to the new soil before the arrival of the first frost. Otherwise there will be no harvest.
In size and taste of the berries, which were planted in different seasons, practically do not differ from each other. Before you plant raspberries, learn all about the steps of the procedure.
First you need to choose a suitable place.Tip! The most suitable for raspberries is considered to be the soil in which cucumbers, tomatoes or cabbage used to grow.
Raspberry bushes get all the necessary trace elements from these plants.
It is best to plant raspberries in shaded areas, avoid direct sunlight. There is no need to plant the entire bush completely, because raspberries are a perennial plant, and its roots, located underground, have shoots.
When choosing material for planting, pay attention only to non-fertile, viable young bushes. Remove the thinnest and weakest parts.
How to plant a plant? Once you have chosen the bushes, you need to do the following steps:
- Selecting the bushes to replant, process them. This process involves pruning - approximately 1 meter from the root. Note that the stem should not be less than a centimeter in diameter. Examine all the seedlings for disease, discard inappropriate.
- Make sure that the soil in which you decide to plant raspberries, was sufficiently moist, because the roots of the bush collect moisture from the surface, not germinating in the ground very deep. Do not forget about the mineralization of the earth, because in this way you well fertilize the landing site and saturate it with the microelements necessary for growth.
- Take the preliminary preparation of the soil. It must be well dig up and loosen. Be sure to get rid of all weeds.
- Now you need to do landing pits. To transplant raspberries correctly, do not forget that they always land in rows, for this purpose the trench method is used. It is important that raspberry bushes do not obscure their "neighbors". The optimal distance between the rows is 2 meters. First you need to dig a hole about 50 cm in diameter, about 30-40 cm deep. Between the grooves the distance is not less than 50 cm.
- In the pits, make manure in a reversed state in the amount of 5 kg, and seal it. To further cover the pits, mix the ground with granulated superphosphate in the amount of 70 g, add 40 g of potassium sulfate. Cover the grooves with this mixture, top with a 10 cm layer of soil.
You can plant raspberry bushes. After you plant shoots in the wells, be sure to tie them to the pegs so that they can grow well.
Each bush moved to a new place requires care. To seedlings gave a good harvest, and pleased you a few years, you need to give them maximum attention.
How to care for the bushes
Raspberries, like all other plants, needs care.Important! Do not forget that planted bushes require your attention.
Even a successfully completed transplant is not a guarantee of a bountiful harvest.
The main thing after planting is to provide good watering for the seedlings. For one raspberry bush may need about 8 liters of water. In the future for several days, each sprout spray and mulch - in the first case, use a sprayer, in the second the rabbit droppings will be optimal.
Thanks to mulching, raspberries will grow better and retain moisture. In this way, you can protect the raspberries from weeds.
In order to continue to successfully grow raspberry berries, you need:
- Water it. Raspberry bushes, like many other plants, prefer large amounts of water. But you need to make sure that it is not too much - it can lead to sour berries. In the summer, when it is very hot, it is important for the host to provide for the transplanted raspberry particularly abundant watering.
- Crop, loosen. Do not forget to get rid of excess overgrowth and periodically shorten the shoots. This should be done in the spring or after harvest. It is recommended to repeat the raspberry mulching before the onset of winter.
- In winter, bushes always bend down to the ground - they are tilted and tied. If pruning is done in a timely manner, the fruiting process can be extended until the very end of summer.
- Tie up. If you do not, the bushes can simply break off under the weight of the berries.
- Fertilize. Mineral or organic substances, wood ash, manure are best for this.
The process of caring for young bushes is simple and does not take much time. In order to avoid damage to the roots of raspberries, discard digging.
Now you know how to properly transplant raspberries and keep track of them to ensure you get a great harvest.
Surround the plant with care, remember its love for moisture, try to have enough light on the plot - and the raspberries will reward you with red, ripe and sweet berries.