Garden

How to prune raspberry

Despite the fact that the remontant raspberry appeared in Russia for a long time, more than 30 years ago, disputes and discussions around it have not subsided. Each gardener is trying to find their own approach to growing this crop, and this is no accident. After all, with an abundance of modern varieties, their characteristics can vary greatly. In addition, the climatic conditions of Russia are full of such diversity that each region can be characterized by its own peculiarities of raspberry cultivation, and this will be correct. Professionals who have already studied all the peculiarities of this raspberry, and even then cannot always reach a common opinion about its cultivation.

For beginners, one of the most pressing issues is: “How to cut the repair raspberries?” This question is really one of the most important and decisive, related to the care of the repairman. After all, its fruiting depends on pruning and nothing can be allowed to drift here. Therefore, it is necessary to consider all possible options and subtleties associated with this process.

Although it is usually understood as repetitiveness of continuous fruiting, in the case of raspberries, everything is not quite like that.

Attention! The main feature of the remontant raspberry is its ability to bear fruit on the shoots of the current year.

Of course, flowers and ovaries appear relatively late, most varieties are closer to September, although among the newly bred varieties of repair raspberries there are those that are beginning to bear fruit from the beginning of August. Not all ovaries have time to ripen, since in many regions of Russia September is the month of the first frost. And although the bushes of the repair raspberry differ in sufficient cold resistance, the harvest from these varieties can be fully obtained only in the south.

Comment! In the description, the varieties of remontant raspberries have, in the description, even such a characteristic as the feasibility of potential yields before autumn frosts. In most modern varieties, it reaches 70-80%.

If in the fall, after frosts with raspberry shoots, do nothing, then they will go away before winter. But in the spring with the onset of real heat, they will again grow, and in the summer they will begin to produce a harvest of berries, like on a normal raspberry. But at the same time, in spring, new one-year shoots will start to emerge from the sleeping underground buds, which by the fall will also be able to give up some of the crop, as they did last year.

Everything would be fine, but in practice it was noted that in most regions of Russia such a scheme for growing remontant raspberries does not work. Since the first harvest on two-year, wintered shoots is characterized by low quality berries. In addition, he takes away strength from the bush, and the second, later harvest is delayed even more, in which there is absolutely no sense for the northern regions.

Therefore, agronomists have developed another, so-called one-year cultivation technology of remontant raspberries:

  • In the autumn after fruiting, absolutely all shoots from this raspberry are pruned at the root. Leaving hemp any height there is no need. All shoots with fallen leaves, unripe berries are raked and carried away from the site. This pruning can be performed even after the topsoil freezes and the first snow falls. After all, all this time nutrients will be supplied to the roots from the aboveground part, and this will allow the raspberry to start well in the next season.
  • In the spring, out of the ground, new annual shoots appear, which over the summer gain enough strength to give a good, powerful harvest of berries in early autumn.
  • In the autumn after the frost, at the repair raspberry, the above-described pruning is carried out again.
  • As a result, instead of two yields, only one is obtained, but of very good quality and in a season when the usual raspberry is long gone.

This method has several advantages that are important for novice gardeners:

  • With full pruning of all shoots for the winter, the problem of winter hardiness and shelter of raspberry bushes is eliminated.
  • Together with the pruned shoots, all possible infection carriers and pests are removed from the site. Therefore, remontant raspberry does not need protective treatments with insecticides.

Features pruning when receiving two yields

Russia is a huge country, so on some part of its territory it may well be possible to implement a method of growing remontant raspberries when they get two harvests per season from it. In the southern regions, perhaps, it is not worthwhile to neglect the second harvest, since in most cases it can have time to mature completely. Is it necessary to cut the repair raspberries in this case and how to do it?

For two yields of raspberries in the fall is not cut at all. With the onset of spring, it is necessary to cut out all dry, off-grade and thin shoots, leaving only 4-6 powerful branches. Somewhere in May - early June, when new annual shoots grow to a height of one meter, they need to be shortened by about half.

Attention! As a result of this procedure, they will quickly acquire a variety of fruit branches.

Depending on the variety and its characteristics, you can still additionally cut at this time several young shoots if they thicken the shrub. Although usually remontant raspberry varieties have a low beat-forming ability.

Two-year shoots immediately after the end of fruiting in July, should be immediately cut at ground level so that they do not take food from new shoots.

Another variant of pruning raspberry pruning for two harvests you can see in the video:

Features trimming: autumn or spring

As you can see, the question: “How to cut the repair raspberry correctly?” Is not, and there can be no definite answer. Everything strongly depends on the climatic conditions of the region where raspberries are grown. And even if you chose the cultivation of remontant raspberries to get one, but a good harvest in early autumn, then everything is not as simple as we would like.

Attention! Interestingly, under certain conditions pruning raspberry pruning in the spring is more preferable than in the fall.

What are these conditions?

Obviously, for regions with mild winters, there is little point in the autumn pruning, because even after the plants have been harvested, they will be able to develop under favorable conditions for a long time, accumulating nutrients for the future. Moreover, if you cut the raspberries in the fall, and the frost does not come in the next month and a half, then the underground buds on the rhizome can prematurely germinate. And with the onset of frost, they will freeze, and the harvest for the next year will be significantly reduced. Spring pruning can prevent all these problems.

Oddly enough, the transfer of pruning raspberry pruning in the spring is preferable for areas with harsh and little snowy winters. In this case, not remote shoots of raspberry can help better snow retention. Moreover, according to the observations of experienced gardeners, the more to the north of the region, the greater the productivity of raspberries observed during pruning precisely in the early spring time.

There is also the option to wait for the bud to start blooming and only after that complete pruning of the shoots. This makes sense, because at this moment the bushes will be able to replenish their supply of growth substances, which are formed only in the blooming leaves. Therefore, after pruning raspberries at this particular time, the plant is able to quickly wake up and grow, which is especially important for the northern regions.

Attention! Correct pruning raspberry spring also consists in cutting off all shoots at ground level.

All work is done in absolutely the same way as during the autumn pruning, only in the spring time.

Raspberry varietal features

It seems to be the answer to the question of how to cut the raspberries, received, but it turns out, the repair raspberry can give many more surprises.

The fact is that there are so-called semi-varieties of raspberry.

Comment! These are such famous raspberry varieties as Yellow Giant, Indian Summer and some others.

They can be attributed more to the usual raspberry varieties with some signs of repair. They differ in that they can give a second crop, but only at the very tops of the shoots. While the real remontant varieties form the ovary along most of the shoots. If they are cut in the fall below the ground level, you will lose the summer harvest and the autumn harvest will move back to a later date. These varieties need to be treated in a completely different way.

In the autumn, it is necessary to cut only the upper part of the shoot, which was loaded with berries. In the spring, as usual, the bush is normalized - that is, all excess shoots that are able to thicken the raspberry bush are cut. In the summer, on the remaining shoots from winter, these raspberry varieties will give a good harvest. Immediately after the end of fruiting, two-year-old shoots are pruned. No more pruning these varieties require.

Of course, pruning raspberry pruning is not the easiest thing, but after reading all the nuances of this process, you will be able to maintain your plantings in perfect condition and enjoy tasty and juicy berries.