With the onset of spring, everyone is waiting for the first flowers to appear. Unfortunately, some of them begin to bloom very late in the summer or closer to autumn. Therefore, it is most pleasant to observe the flowering of the earliest garden flowers. They seem to enliven everything around, bringing bright colors to our lives. Some early flowers are perennials, which means that once planted them, you can enjoy the beauty of the buds for many years. The most important thing is to choose for yourself the appropriate types of flowers, which are easy to care for, and that bloom throughout the spring. This article contains information about many varieties of early flowers. Sure, among them there are definitely those who will not leave you indifferent.
Early bulbous flowers
One of the most popular flowers in our beds are just bulbous. This is a numerous and very common species, whose representatives can boast of the earliest flowering. It is necessary to plant such plants on your plot in autumn, and in spring you will be able to admire beautiful flowers. And the sooner the spring begins in your area, the sooner the buds will appear. Now it is worth considering in more detail which bulbous ones are the earliest for our area.
Snowdrop or galantus
These beautiful flowers got their name because of their ability to germinate as soon as the snow begins to thaw. These are the earliest flowers that delight us with their flowering from the first days of March. In some places they bloom later, in others earlier, but they still remain the very first spring flowers. On their plots snowdrops need to be planted in places that resemble the forest where they usually live. For example, you can place these flowers near the bushes and trees.Attention! When planting snowdrops near trees, choose only those that bloom late and will not create a shadow.
If you still want to grow snowdrops in a flower bed, do not forget that they bloom for a very short time, and then immediately wither and die. Snowdrops are ephemeroids, because of which their vegetative period is very short.
In the spring, after the snowdrops ottsvetut, the bulbs divide, and in the fall you can start planting. These flowers grow very quickly, so from time to time they just need to thin out. Also, snowdrops can independently spread throughout the garden. The fact is that ants pick up seeds that have fallen into the soil and spread them around the plot. Therefore, you should not be surprised if snowdrops appear where you have not planted them.
Not all crocuses are early flowers. The very first usually bloom the following types:
- golden crocus;
- Crocus Imperata;
- Ankyra crocus.
Some of these species, depending on the climatic conditions of the region, may begin to bloom even at the end of February. A little later, Dutch large-flowered hybrids bloom. These varieties have more lush flowers and bright color. They look very impressive and immediately attract attention.
It is possible to grow such flowers in any places. They feel great in flower beds, and under trees or shrubs. They are often planted along the borders or on the lawn. And some people like to grow crocuses right on their balcony. These flowers grow well in open ground and in containers.
Crocuses should be planted in the fall too. They tolerate a scattered shadow well, so it will be easy to choose a place for their landing. And the sunny side, and a place near the bushes or buildings. Growing these flowers is easy enough, since the rhizomes do not need to be dug out every year, and then buried again. This should be done only when you yourself want to divide the nest.Important! For planting early crocuses should use baskets. The fact is that rodents are very fond of this plant and can damage the bulbs.
Muscari (mouse hyacinth)
These flowers have a fascinating look. In addition, it is very easy to grow them, because the plant is completely picky in terms of conditions and care. It is growing rapidly, and every year there will be more and more flowers. There are a lot of types of these flowers, and not all of them are considered early. But most muscari flourish in early April.
Begin to plant these flowers in the fall, and next year you can expect the appearance of "kids." Due to this rapid reproduction, these early plants can be used to decorate the whole area in a short time. Keep in mind that by planting Muscari, you can hardly get rid of them completely if you suddenly want to. Digging small onions is quite difficult. Some small "kids" will still remain in the soil and sprout with the onset of spring. To avoid the difficulties of transplanting plants, muscari should be planted in special baskets that can be made independently. Then, if you want to transplant flowers to another bed or just dig, then it will be much easier to do.
Tip! You can build baskets for bulbs from ordinary plastic bottles, making holes for drainage.
Muscari can be planted alone and somewhere in the garden or near the curbs. But best of all they look in combination with other early colors. Therefore, they are often used for group plantings. You can also combine muscari with flowers that bloom in different periods. Such a flower bed will always remain beautiful and bright.
Iris net or iridodictium
Iridodictium is a separate genus that is very similar in appearance to the irises. These small flowers belong to bulbous plants. Net iris grows no more than 10 cm in height. Despite such small sizes, it is simply impossible not to notice these flowers. They are very attractive and elegant.Attention! Plant iridodictiums in open ground should be in early autumn.
These flowers are very fond of sunny areas. Therefore, you should not choose a place for them near trees or buildings. Iridodictiums also belong to ephemeroids, so that immediately after the end of flowering the plants will begin to die off. Net iris blooms very early, depending on climatic conditions, this period begins at the end of March or in April. He likes light sandy soils that do not contain much moisture. Used for growing alone and in combination with other onion flowers. Iridodictiums look great on lawns and flower beds. Many people like to plant these flowers in containers and grow them right on their windowsill or balcony.
Some gardeners claim that immediately after the iris begins to die, it should be dug out. Store the bulbs of these flowers in a well-ventilated dry room. They must be completely protected from direct sunlight.
Springman or Erantes
Vesnik is one of the earliest plants in our gardens. His golden flowers are pleasing to the eye and give a wonderful spring mood. The first buds appear at the end of March or at the beginning of April. He is very hardy and not afraid of even the spring frosts.
Vesennik quite low (about 10 cm), and the flowers themselves can reach up to 2.5 cm in diameter. Most often, the plant is grown along with other early flowers. For example, the spring is very well complements the beds with snowdrops and crocuses.
Springman can grow anywhere. The main thing is that it is slightly shaded. The most familiar environment for this plant is a forest. Therefore, flowers feel very good under the trees and shrubs.Important! The soil for growing spring should not be too wet or dry. He is very picky about the level of soil moisture.
Scilla or scilla
The most common representative of this species is Siberian forests. It blooms by the end of March. Her bell-shaped flowers have a sky-blue color. There are varietal proleski, which are often found in white.
These flowers are unpretentious to the conditions and care. They can grow both in sunny areas and in a fully shaded flower bed. The most important condition for good growth and flowering of the forest is soil moisture. The soil should not be very dense in order to easily absorb moisture. Especially scrub needs water during flowering.
Important! Do not overflow flowers, as they do not tolerate stagnation.
This flower reproduces very quickly. It grows with the help of affiliated onions, and also propagates by seeds. Sometimes this process occurs so rapidly that it has to be controlled. It is best to grow a forest in the garden, as it is a wild plant.
Early herbaceous flowers
Herbaceous perennials are not the most common group. However, these flowers have a beautiful appearance and deserve a place on our sites.
These flowers are able to stay green and fresh for a long time. The hellebore has a high resistance to diseases and unpretentious to the conditions. The flowering of this plant often coincides with the period of Easter holidays, because of what it received the name "Christ's Rose".
To date, there are about 20 types of hellebore. At home, most often grown hybrid varieties that bloom from early April. The variety of colors of hellebore is simply amazing. They can be white, red, yellow and pink. The grade of bright purple color has won the greatest popularity. Planting hellebore taken in the spring, although in warm regions can be in the fall. You can start planting this herbaceous plant immediately after the soil has warmed up.
Scientists have a huge number of species of primroses (at least 550). But unfortunately, only a few of them are grown at home. Primroses can be planted from seed as well as by purchasing ready seedlings. They are very easy to divide and replant, as these flowers easily take root in a new place. Some growers say that even flowering plants easily tolerate transplantation.Attention! Primroses from flower shops can look much better than gardeners in the market.
The reason for everything is the use of growth stimulants, without which in the future flowers will no longer so actively bloom.
It is safer to purchase seedlings from gardeners or ask your friends who grow primroses at home. Such flowers are more adapted to the soil without growth stimulants.
The period of flowering in primroses begins in April, and in the southern regions at the end of March. Flowers are formed quite a lot, but towards the end of the summer the primrose can bloom again. These flowers are suitable for growing in beds and on lawns. They are often put in containers on balconies or loggias.
This plant always remains green, and even under snow in the winter it keeps the foliage fresh. Young shoots appear immediately after the snow begins to melt. The flowering of periwinkle begins in April. The flowers of this plant are small, has a soft blue tint.
At home, most often I grow varietal periwinkle, which was bred from the wild “Vinca small”. Such varieties can have not only the usual blue color, but also white, red or lilac. There are even plants with double flowers. Foliage may also differ. Traditional varieties have green leaves, but among the hybrids you can see the variegated colors with white and yellow patterns.
These flowers like moderately moist soil and slightly shaded areas. It is not desirable that periwinkle be exposed to direct sunlight. In principle, these are all the basic rules for growing periwinkle. The plant spreads quickly across the site. For propagation, both cuttings and divided roots can be used. Having bought only one periwinkle sapling, you will soon receive a whole flower garden from this beautiful plant.Important! Planting periwinkle is advised in April or May. Although throughout the summer, the plant can easily settle down on your site.
To continue this list is endless. Of course, in one article it is impossible to list all the early garden flowers. In addition, there are a huge number of varieties of early tulips and hyacinths, as well as other equally beautiful flowers. Unfortunately, it is impossible to plant all kinds of flowers known to us on the site. We have to be content with only some of the varieties we love. Some people prefer crocuses and irises, someone is crazy about snowdrops, while others cannot imagine their life without tulips. In any case, flowers fill our life with colors and give a feeling of joy.